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Home NATIONALFinland to face adverse impacts of climate change
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Tue, 01 Apr, 2014 01:13:12 AM
Water quality to decline, heat wave, winter rainfall to increase
IPCC report released in Yokohama
FTimes-STT-Xinhua Report, April 1
 
 
Fifth Assessment Report on the impacts of climate change also pointed out the adverse impacts on other parts of the globe, and concluded that the world is largely ill-prepared for climate- related risks.
 
The report, titled “Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability” from Working Group II of the IPCC, told in great details about the impacts of climate change to date, the future risks from a changing climate, and the opportunities for effective action to reduce risks.
 
The report highlighted that the climate change will impact on Finland negatively from the aspects of natural seasons, resources and biodiversities.
 
In the near future the level of rainfall will increase in the country, particularly during the winter season.
 
File Photo Lehtikuva.
The quality of water in the water bodies has been forecasted to decline due to shortening of winter and as a results nutrients dissolves and flow in water longer.
 
The harvesting season will also become longer and forests will grow faster. The number of some living organisms in the forests will increase while some will decrease.
 
The report said that heat waves will increase and assurance compensations from storm damages will also increase as a result of climate change.
 
Change in the movement of bird migration has already been detected. This year, birds embarked on their spring migration earlier than usual.
 
In autumn, it was observed that autumn bird migration started late than usual.
 
File Photo Lehtikuva.
The IPCC report has been compiled over three years by more than 800 authors including five from Finland.
 
While the last IPCC report published in autumn focussed mainly in the progression of climate change, the current one focussed largely on the impact of climate change.
 
This will be followed by another report to be finalised next month which looks at the mitigation of climate change.
 
The summary of the three reports will be completed this autumn.
 
News agency Xinhua adds: The IPCC report highlighted the risks of climate change to Australia, especially rural areas in the country.
 
The IPCC reports conclude that climate change is occurring as a result of human activities. This latest report from Working Group II confirms and reinforces the findings of the previous assessment report (AR4) published in 2004.
 
The Climate Council of Australia, an independent community-funded non-profit organization, welcomed the release of the report, which finds Australia is at increasing risk of heat extremes, bushfire weather and extreme rainfall. 
 
File Photo Lehtikuva.
The report singles out the Great Barrier Reef as being at serious risk from rising ocean temperatures and acidity.
 
UN chief welcomes latest IPCC report on climate change
 
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on Monday welcomed the latest report from a UN climate panel on the impacts of global warming, urging the international community to "make every effort needed" to reach a global legal agreement in this regard by 2015.
 
A statement issued here by Ban's spokesperson said Ban "welcomes the findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report on the impacts of climate change."  The report, which was released Monday in Yokohama, Japan, concluded that the world is largely ill-prepared for climate-related risks.
 
"The secretary-general urges all countries to act swiftly and boldly at every level, to bring ambitious announcements and actions to the Climate Summit on 23 September 2014 and to make every effort needed to reach a global legal climate agreement by 2015," said the statement.
 
In the statement, the UN chief also noted that managing the risks of climate change will be increasingly difficult with higher levels of warming.
 
"To reduce these risks, substantial reduction in global greenhouse gas emissions must be made, along with smart strategies and actions to improve disaster preparedness and reduce exposure to events caused by climate change," Ban said.
 
The IPCC, established by the United Nations Environment Programme and the World Meteorological Organization in 1988, on Monday issued its latest report, saying the effects of climate change are already occurring on all continents and across the oceans.
 
 
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